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Dover’s center square, The Green at State Street, is the site of the Delaware Supreme Court, the Delaware State House Museum, and the Kent County Courthouse. One of the nation's most historic sites, it was the location of many rallies, troop reviews, and other patriotic events.The square was laid out in 1717, in accordance with William Penn's orders of 1683. It was here Delaware voted to ratify the U.S. Constitution on December 7, 1787, making it the first state to do so.The Green was the site of early fairs and markets when the city was the county seat and then state capital. During the Revolutionary War, the Delaware Regiment gathered on the Green before marching to meet General George Washington in the north.Close to this square was where Caesar Rodney commenced his famous ride to Philadelphia to sign the Declaration of Independence. Old residences, dating back to 1728, around the Green preserve the colonial charm for which Dover is distinguished.The Green now hosts political rallies and public events such as the Spring and Summer Performing Arts Series, 4th of July festivities, and caroling during the Christmas season."Old Dover Days" is a special event held here in May, when many private homes and buildings are open to the public.
The History of the Green Movement
Though the conservation movement had European roots, many observers maintain that the United States has emerged as the world's leader in environmentalism.
If America does, in fact, deserve credit for leading the green movement, what made the United States such a crucible for environmentalism? It's partly due to the immigrants who came to the North American continent in the colonial era and partly to the natural beauty of the land they found when they crossed the Atlantic.
Founded in 1838 and now a National Historic Landmark, Green-Wood was one of the first rural cemeteries in America. By the early 1860s, it had earned an international reputation for its magnificent beauty and became the prestigious place to be buried, attracting 500,000 visitors a year, second only to Niagara Falls as the nation’s greatest tourist attraction. Crowds flocked there to enjoy family outings, carriage rides, and sculpture viewing in the finest of first generation American landscapes. Green-Wood’s popularity helped inspire the creation of public parks, including New York City’s Central and Prospect Parks.
Green-Wood is 478 spectacular acres of hills, valleys, glacial ponds, and paths, throughout which exists one of the largest outdoor collections of nineteenth- and twentieth-century statuary and mausoleums. Four seasons of beauty from century-and-a-half-old trees offer a peaceful oasis to visitors, as well as its 570,000 permanent residents, including Leonard Bernstein, Boss Tweed, Charles Ebbets, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Louis Comfort Tiffany, Horace Greeley, Civil War generals, baseball legends, politicians, artists, entertainers, and inventors.
A magnet for history buffs and bird watchers, Green-Wood is a Revolutionary War historic site (the Battle of Long Island was fought in 1776 across what is now its grounds), a designated site on the Civil War Discovery Trail, and a registered member of the Audubon Cooperative Sanctuary System.
On September 27, 2006, Green-Wood was designated a National Historic Landmark by the United States Department of the Interior, which recognized its national significance in art, architecture, landscaping, and history.
After almost two centuries, Green-Wood is as beautiful as it was at its founding. But such historic beauty is fragile. Time and weather have taken their toll on marble sculpture, granite monuments, brownstone mausoleums, cast-iron signs, and landscaped parkland.
News of Green-Wood for members, fans, and friends. Read the latest issue.
The most recent celebration of Green-Wood’s rising cultural and community leadership.
Established in 1999, The Green-Wood Historic Fund’s mission is to maintain The Green-Wood Cemetery’s monuments and buildings of historical, cultural, and architectural significance advance public knowledge and appreciation of this significance and preserve the natural habitat and grasslands of one of New York City’s first green spaces. With funding from memberships and donations, The Historic Fund not only preserves the past to enrich our future, but keeps a vibrant presence in our current time by presenting open-to-the-public events which include themed walking and trolley tours, art installations, and special seasonal events.
The Comptroller General of the United States established the Green Book Advisory Council (GBAC) in 2013 to provide input and recommendations for revisions to the Green Book. The GBAC consisted of highly qualified individuals with complementary skills that provided a strong knowledge base in internal controls from entities such as:
- internal audit community
- federal, state, and local government
- academia and
- organizations that perform financial, compliance, and performance auditing.
GBAC members served two year terms and could be reappointed by the Comptroller General. Below is the list of members emeritus.
Green sea turtle numbered MA72 was treated for fishing line entanglement at the Maui Ocean Center Marine Institute and seen swimming off Honokeana Cove, West Maui. Sightings of rehabilitated animals help researchers track their recovery process.
Honu Count 2021 Is On—And We Need Your Help!
Sea Turtle Week 2021
Sea turtles being loaded on the aircraft for the flight south to Texas. Photo credit: Lauren Owens Lambert
Texas Organizations Help Cold-Stunned Sea Turtles from Massachusetts
Green sea turtles and a Hawaiian monk seal at Mokumanamana in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Photo: NOAA Fisheries/Brenda Becker.
2020 Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Field Season Highlights: Celebrating Partners
Gretna Green in Dumfries and Galloway is possibly the most romantic place in Scotland, if not in the UK. This small Scottish village has become synonymous with romance and runaway lovers.
In 1754 a new law, Lord Hardwicke’s Marriage Act, was brought into force in England. This law required young people to be over 21 years of age if they wished to marry without their parents’ or guardian’s consent. The marriage was required to be a public ceremony in the couple’s parish, with an official of the Church presiding. The new law was rigorously enforced and carried a sentence of 14 years transportation for any clergyman found breaking it.
The Scots however did not change the law and continued with their centuries-old marriage customs. The law in Scotland allowed anyone over the age of 15 to enter into marriage provided they were not closely related to each other and were not in a relationship with anyone else.
This marriage contract could be made wherever the couple liked, in private or in public, in the presence of others or no-one at all.
The ‘irregular marriage’ ceremony would be short and simple, something like:
“Are you of marriageable age? Yes
Are you free to marry? Yes
A marriage in the Scottish tradition could take place anywhere on Scottish soil. Being so close to the English border, Gretna was popular with English couples wanting to marry but when in the 1770s a toll road was built running through the village making it even more accessible from south of the border, it soon became renowned as the destination for eloping couples.
Forbidden romance and runaway marriages were popularised in the fiction of the time, for example in the novel ‘Pride and Prejudice’ by Jane Austen.
English couples usually preferred to keep some English marriage traditions and so looked for someone in authority to oversee the ceremony. The most senior and respected craftsman or artisan in the countryside was the village blacksmith, and so the Blacksmith’s Forge at Gretna Green became a favourite place for weddings.
The tradition of the blacksmith sealing the marriage by striking his anvil led to the Gretna blacksmiths becoming known as ‘anvil priests’. Indeed the blacksmith and his anvil are now symbols of Gretna Green weddings. Gretna Green’s famous Blacksmiths Shop, the Old Smithy where lovers have come to marry since 1754, is still in the village and still a wedding venue.
There are now several other wedding venues in Gretna Green and marriage ceremonies are still performed over a blacksmith’s anvil. Gretna Green remains one of the most popular places for weddings and thousands of couples from all around the world flock to this Scottish village to be married each year.
The History of Big Green Egg Throughout Civilization
In the beginning, there was wood, dry leaves, lightning and eventually, fire. Early man soon learned about the flavor benefits of cooking meat over this exciting discovery, which quickly gained acclaim as far superior to gnawing on raw Tyrannosaurus ribs!
Later cultures discovered that the results were even better when the fire and food were contained inside a dome-shaped, earthen vessel. Evidence of these early prototypes of the Big Green Egg have been found by archeologists in the ruins of nearly every civilization around the world…except the Propanians, who preferred to scorch their meals using volcanic gasses, and the DriveThruians, who ate all their meals from take-out and quickly vanished from planet earth.
Today’s Big Green Egg is a modern-day evolution of these ancient cookers. Centuries ago, these knee-high cookers were fueled by wood or natural charcoal (just as the Big Green Egg is today), and pots were hung inside them for cooking rice. Eventually a slatted cooking grid was fitted inside for grilling and roasting meats. Popularity spread as U.S. service members discovered this type of cooker during World War II and shipped them home after the war. The domed cookers were an exciting alternative to the metal charcoal or gas grills of the day, and people became enamored with the added flavor and juiciness this “newly discovered” style of cooking gave to foods.
American serviceman and entrepreneur Ed Fisher was one of those who discovered the domed clay cooker. He was amazed at how much better the food tasted, and he began to import them, sensing that there might be an interest back home. When Ed opened the first Big Green Egg store in Atlanta in 1974, he sold a simple clay cooker based on the same design and materials that had been used thousands of years ago.
Despite the great results they produced, these original cookers were fragile and not durable after exposure to the elements. Ed Fisher was fully committed to developing a company to produce and market these amazing cookers, and set out to make the best one that had ever been created. As the EGG gained popularity, the company aligned with a state-of-the-art factory to incorporate new types of ceramics based on materials initially developed by NASA® for the space program, and worked tirelessly to find ways to improve the design. The result was a far superior cooker that is stronger, more durable and provides better heat insulation than anything else on the market, a distinction the Big Green Egg is known for today.
Big Green Egg is now the world’s largest producer and international distributor of the highest-quality ceramic cooking system. When you purchase an EGG, you know your investment is protected by a successful, experienced company with a worldwide reputation for best-in-class products and unmatched customer service – providing you with the confidence that comes from knowing that this company has been standing behind their amazing products for over three decades!
From the original Big Green Egg, the company has grown to include seven sizes of the EGG available throughout the world in over fifty countries, with hundreds of accessories designed to make cooking anything on a Big Green Egg fun, entertaining and delicious!
Often copied, but never equaled – the Big Green Egg is the Ultimate Cooking Experience! If it doesn’t say Big Green Egg, it isn’t.
The Green - History
The Green New Deal
The Green New Deal will convert the old, gray economy into a new, sustainable economy that is environmentally sound, economically viable and socially responsible. It seeks to solve the climate crisis by combining quick action to get to net- zero greenhouse gas emissions and 100% renewable energy by 2030 along with an “Economic Bill of Rights” – the right to single-payer healthcare, a guaranteed job at a living wage, affordable housing and free college education.
European Greens were among those calling for a Green New Deal in 2006 in response to the global financial crisis. In addition to a call for both climate action and a bill of economic rights, the approach by the European Greens sought to democratize the world’s financial system. In New York State, Howie Hawkins promoted a Green New Deal in his 2010 Green Party run for Governor – an issue focus that subsequently was picked up by Jill Stein in her 2012 Presidential campaign and by many other Green Party candidates across the United States.
The national Green Party platform calls for the following:
- Enact an emergency Green New Deal to turn the tide on climate change, revive the economy and make wars for oil obsolete. Initiate a WWII-scale national mobilization to halt climate change, the greatest threat to humanity in our history. Create 20 million jobs by transitioning to 100% clean renewable energy by 2030, and investing in public transit, sustainable (regenerative) agriculture, conservation and restoration of critical infrastructure, including ecosystems.
Meet the Green New Deal
The Green New Deal starts with a WWII-type mobilization to address the grave threat posed by climate change, transitioning our country to 100% clean energy by 2030. Clean energy does not include natural gas, biomass, nuclear power or the oxymoron “clean coal.”
The implementation of the Green New Deal will revive the economy, turn the tide on climate change and make wars for oil obsolete. This latter result, in turn, enables a 50% cut in the military budget, since maintaining bases all over the world to safeguard fossil fuel supplies and routes of transportation could no longer be justified. That military savings of several hundred billion dollars per year would go a very long way toward creating green jobs at home.
On top of that, the Green New Deal largely pays for itself in healthcare savings from the prevention of fossil fuel-related diseases, including asthma, heart attacks, strokes and cancer.
Moving to 100% clean energy means many more jobs, a healthier environment and far lower electric costs compared to continued reliance upon fossil fuels. Studies have shown that the technology already exists to achieve 100% clean energy by 2030. And we can speed up the transition by making polluters pay for the damage they’ve caused, starting with a robust carbon fee program.
The Green New Deal is not only a major step towards ending unemployment for good, but also a tool to fight the corporate takeover of our democracy and exploitation of the poor and people of color. Our transition to 100% clean energy will be based on community, worker and public ownership and democratic control of our energy system, rather than maximizing profits for energy corporations, banks and hedge funds.
We need to treat clean energy as a human right and a common good. We also need a just transition to provide resources to the low-income communities and communities of color most impacted by climate change.
The Green New Deal will provide assistance to workers and local communities that now have workers employed in the fossil fuel industry and to the developing world as it responds to climate-change damage caused by the industrial world.
What the Green New Deal Will Do
Right now, our federal government subsidizes the rich agribusiness corporations and the oil, mining, nuclear, coal and timber giants at the expense of small farmers, small business and our children’s environment. We spend tens of billions every year moving our economy in the wrong direction. The Green New Deal will instead redirect that money to the real job creators who make our communities healthier, sustainable and secure at the same time.
With the passage and implementation of this program, We the People will:
- Invest in green business by providing grants and low-interest loans to grow green businesses and cooperatives, with an emphasis on small, locally based companies that keep the wealth created by local labor circulating in the community rather than being drained off to enrich absentee investors.
The Green New Deal includes an Economic Bill of Rights, which ensures all citizens the right to employment through a Full-Employment Program that will create 20 million jobs by implementing a nationally funded, but locally controlled direct-employment initiative. We will replace unemployment offices with local employment offices offering public sector jobs that are “stored” in job banks in order to take up any slack in private sector employment.
100% Clean Energy by 2030
The centerpiece of the Green New Deal is a transition to 100% clean energy by 2030.
The climate crisis is a serious threat to the survival of humanity and life on Earth. To prevent catastrophe, we need a WWII-scale mobilization transitioning our country and the world to a sustainable economy with 100% clean, renewable energy, public transit, sustainable agriculture and conservation.
Already, tens of millions of people have been turned into climate refugees while hundreds of thousands die annually from air pollution, heat waves, drought-based food shortages, epidemics, storms and other lethal impacts of climate change and reliance on fossil fuels. And as climate change worsens across the globe, wars fought over access to food, water and land will become commonplace.
Historically, talks aimed at stopping global warming have centered on the goal of staying below a 2 degrees Celsius rise in average temperature. The major “victory” at COP 21 in Paris was that the industrial polluting nations such as the United States agreed with the rest of the world that the existing global warming-cap target of 2°C would lead to catastrophic change.
The recent report by the International Panel on Climate Change warned that the world needs to keep the increase in global warming below 1.5°C and said we had 12 years to take dramatic worldwide action. Timing is running out for such action. The Green New Deal may be our last, best hope.
Until the 1980s, the chemical industry and the EPA were focused mainly on pollution clean-up and obvious toxins, but a major paradigm shift began to occur among chemists. Scientists, who came of age during the decades of growing environmental awareness, began to research avenues of preventing pollution in the first place. Leaders in the industry and in government began international conversations addressing the problems and looking for preventative solutions.
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), an international body of over 30 industrialized countries, held meetings through the 1980s addressing environmental concerns. They made a series of international recommendations which focused on a co-operative change in existing chemical processes and pollution prevention.
The Ofﬁce of Pollution Prevention and Toxics was established within the EPA in 1988 to facilitate these environmental goals.
The history of the Masters green jacket
What began as a wooly, uncomfortable status symbol has gradually become one of the most iconic and recognizable trophies in sports. Despite its seemingly everlasting significance, the green jacket was not awarded to the Masters champion until 1949 — 15 years after the Masters was first played — when Sam Snead captured the first of his three victories at Augusta National.
In 1937 (the fourth year of the Masters—or as it was called until 1939, the “Augusta National Invitational”), members of the club wore green jackets to distinguish themselves from the crowd. Members reportedly thought it would help fans easily identify them as “reliable sources of information,” and to let waiters know who got the check at dinner, according to Augusta.com.
When Snead won the Masters in 1949, Augusta National retroactively awarded green jackets to each former winner. Among them were several legends of the game, including Byron Nelson and Jimmy Demaret (each of whom won twice), Ralph Guldahl, Craig Wood, Henry Picard and Gene Sarazen. The jacket awarded to Horton Smith, who won the inaugural Augusta National Invitational in 1934, sold for $682,229 in 2013 by the appropriately named Green Jacket Auctions. That figure is believed to be the highest price paid for a piece of golf memorabilia.
The first green jackets were manufactured by Brooks Brothers, where Cliff Roberts, a New York resident and co-founder of Augusta National, often shopped. In 1941 an Augusta tailor named John Alfieri produced the jackets, and in 1949, an Augusta department store owned by Henry Cullom took over the task of tailoring and fitting. Since 1967 the jackets have been produced by over a dozen companies, the most common of which is Cincinnati-based Hamilton Tailoring Company. Nick Faldo, who won the Masters in 1989, 1990 and 1996, had his jacket produced by Nordstrom. Despite the far reach of companies who have produced green jackets, the cloth used is fashioned in the central Georgia town of Dublin, less than 100 miles from Augusta. The exact color? Pantone 342.
Multiple Masters winners receive only one jacket, and Augusta National officials estimate measurements for those in contention during the final round Sunday afternoon. Jack Nicklaus reportedly received a green jacket that measured to a 46 long after his first of six victories at Augusta in 1963. He later claimed the jacket, “looked like an overcoat.” The following year, the jacket belonging to New York governor Tom Dewey was waiting for Nicklaus in his locker. Despite becoming the only six-time Masters winner, Nicklaus wore Dewey’s jacket until 1998, when he was finally fit for his own.
The green jacket Masters champions wear during the ceremony Sunday night is only temporary victors soon after receive a customized iteration that they’re allowed to keep for a year. After that point, past champions can only wear the green jacket on club grounds. There have been a few instances in which last year’s champ has failed to follow that rule, as the ultra-disciplined Gary Player knows all too well. After his victory in 1961, Player left his jacket at home in South Africa. The following year he lost in a playoff to Arnold Palmer, and not long after received a call from Roberts about the missing jacket. Player jokingly responded, “Well, you can come fetch it.” Roberts made sure Player knew not to wear it in public.
The green jacket is certainly among the most intriguing and distinguished items in sports, and it may very well be the most exclusive and well protected. That was, at least, until Phil Mickelson pulled up to a Krispy Kreme drive thru wearing his after winning the 2010 Masters. Something tells us that Mr. Roberts would not have approved.